Updating Inventories of Substitutable Resources in Response to Forecast Updates

S. Bansal and J. S. Dyer

Production and Operations Management (1 March 2014)

DOI: 10.1111/poms.12054

We show simple yet optimal results to update the inventory/capacity levels, expected profit, fill rates, and service levels of substitutable resources in response to an updating of the mean demand forecasts for the resources. We find that a change in the mean demand of one resource does not affect the optimal inventory level of any other resource. The results are obtained for demands with location-scale distribution, and for a revenue structure satisfying a triangle property such that the manager will always use the inventory of a resource to meet her own demand first before using it for substitution. The results for updating the performance measures also extend to managers who maintain non-optimal inventory/capacity levels. Implications for procurement, sales and operational planning, and multi-store operations are discussed.

keywords: substitutable resources; forecast updates; inventory updates; structural properties of multi-product newsvendor problems

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